|Fires in assembly occupancies have shown to be some of the most deadly when the proper features, systems and construction materials were not present. NFPA code provisions mandate that a considerable number of safety systems and features be present in order to keep everyone safe should an unwanted fire occur.
The Station nightclub fire
A fire at The Station nightclub in W. Warwick, RI, on February 20, 2003, claimed 100 lives and is the fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history. Since that fire, NFPA has enacted tough new code provisions for fire sprinklers and crowd management in nightclub-type venues. Those provisions mark sweeping changes to the codes and standards governing safety in assembly occupancies.
Related reports from NFPA Journal®:
Deadliest public assembly and nightclub fires
- NFPA Case Study: Nightclub fires (PDF, 3 MB)
This 2006 case study reviews historic fires in assembly occupancies as well as The Station nightclub fire and the response of NFPA to this tragedy. In addition, changes made in RI and MA as well as an investigation completed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology are summarized.
- "U.S. Fires in Selected Occupancies: Eating and Drinking Establishments" (PDF, 164 KB) , February 2007
Includes restaurants, cafeterias or diners, nightclubs or dinner theaters, taverns, and lunchrooms, snack bars, or fast food facilities excluding delicatessens.